Selected Statistics on Women and Men in Central Visayas

Reference Number: 


Release Date: 

26 March 2020

Central Visayas Population is relatively young, more than half are men

The region’s population remains relatively young as shown by the broad-based population pyramid in 2015. Median age was recorded at 24 years old.

In 2015, the region’s total population was projected at 7.4 million, of which more than half (50.5) were men. Same trend was seen in all provinces.

By 2020, the region’s total population will reach 8.0 million, still with more men than women.

Of the 7,359,900-household population in 2015, men accounted for 50.5 percent while women comprised 49.5 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 102 men for every 100 women. Based on the 2015 census counts, women are dominating over men starting age group 55-59 until age group 80 and over.

Of the household population 10 years and over in 2015, there were more single men (47.4 percent) than women (41.0 percent) in the region. Meanwhile, women outnumbered men among married, widowed and divorced/separated, and common-Law/Live-in population.

Females who are born between 2000 to 2040 are expected to live longer by 5 years than their male counterparts in Central Visayas. The life expectancy at birth for those born at this period is 75.1 years for female and 70.1 years for male. This is projected to improve further in 2035 to 2040 when life expectancy at birth is expected to rise to 78.9 years for females and 73.9 for males. The gap between the projected life expectancy between female and male is expected to narrow down from 5.3 in 2000-2005 to 5.0 in 2035-2040.

In 2015, there were more men (51.0 percent) than women (49.0 percent) among the youth in the region. Same trend was seen in all provinces.

Women live longer than men. In 2015, more than half or 55.7 percent of the senior citizens in the region were women.

In all age groups for senior citizens, population of women were relatively higher than men.

In 2015, the age dependency ratio of women (78.6 percent) was higher compared to men (78.1 percent).

Same trend was also seen in all provinces except for Cebu where men posted a 0.3 percent higher dependency rate than women. Women in Bohol posted the highest dependency burden of 83.5 percent.


Employment rate in 2018 of Central Visayas for women is higher, many are managers compare to men


Generally, there are more economically active men than women from 2017 to 2018 in Central Visayas. In 2018, 59.4 percent of men are in the labor force as compared to the 40.6 percent of women.

Meanwhile, employment-population ratio highlights gender differential in employment status. In 2018, only 47.7 percent of women compared to 68.5 percent of men were employed.

Employment rate for women in Central Visayas was higher at 96.0 percent compared to that for men at 93.8 percent in 2018. The same trend can be observed in 2017.

Unemployment rate for men and women in 2018 stood at 6.2 percent and 4.0 percent, respectively.

In 2018, more women were employed as managers compared to men in Central Visayas. Among the employed men, mostly were employed in elementary occupations at 25.8 percent. The other major occupation groups where many men were employed are: Skilled Agricultural, Forestry and Fishery Workers, Craft and Related Trade Workers, and Plant and Machine Operators and Assemblers.

Among the employed women in Central Visayas, mostly were service and sales workers at 23.7 percent. This was followed by elementary occupation at 20.7 percent. Other major occupation groups where most women were employed are: Managers, Skilled Agricultural, Forestry and Fishery Workers, and Clerical and Support Workers.

The largest proportion of employed women (28.3 percent) was engaged in Wholesale and Retail Trade; Repair of Motor Vehicles and Motorcycles. On the other hand, most of the employed men (19.7 percent) were in Agriculture, Hunting, and Forestry.

In 2018, more men were working or had worked abroad during the past six months with 53.9 percent compared to women with 46.1 percent.

Simple and Functional Literacy for women in Central Visayas relatively higher, many were Academic Degree Holders compared to men

In 2013, women posted simple literacy rate of 96.9 percent. This figure is higher compared to that of men at 95.5 percent. Consequently, women had higher functional literacy rate at 89.8 percent compared to that of men at 84.8 percent.

In 2015, 38.8 percent of the population in Central Visayas have reached only elementary level.

Women had higher educational attainment compared to men from high school to post-baccalaureate. They outnumbered men among academic degree holders (52.9 percent) and post baccalaureate holders (59.3 percent).

In 2015, many of the women academic holders in Central Visayas were holders of programs in the field of education at 31.3 percent. This was followed by fields of business and administration and health at 27.2 percent and 13.1 percent, respectively. While more men academic holders were graduates in the field of engineering and engineering trades, transport services, and business and administration at 30.1 peercent, 16.6 percent, and 14.1 percent, respectively.




Age Dependency Ratio

  • is the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (generally under age 15 and over age 64) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15-64 years) in the population. It is sometimes divided into the old-age dependency (the ratio of people aged 65 and older to those aged 15-64 years) and the child dependency (ratio of people under 15 to those aged 15-64 years).


  • include all persons 15 years old and over as of their last birthday and during the basic survey reference period are reported as either: a) At work. Those who do any work even for one hour during the reference period for pay or profit, or work without pay on the farm or business enterprise operated by a member of the same household related by blood, marriage, or adoption; or b) With a job but not at work. Those who have a job or business but are not at work because of temporary illness/injury, vacation, or other reasons. Likewise, persons who expect to report for work or to start operation of a farm or business enterprise within two weeks from the date of the enumerator's visit, are considered employed.

Employment Rate

  • Percentage of the total number of employed persons to the total number of persons in the labor force.

Employment – to – Population Ratio

  • Ratio of employed persons to the total population 15 years old and over

Functional Literacy

  • is a significantly higher level of literacy which includes not only reading and writing but also numeracy skills. The skills must be sufficiently advanced to enable the individual to participate fully and efficiently in activities commonly occurring in his life situation that require a reasonable capability of communicating by written language. A functional literate person is one who can at least read, write, compute and/or comprehend. Also, persons who graduated from high school or completed higher level of education are classified as functionally literate.

Highest Grade/Year Completed

  • Highest grade/year completed refers to the highest grade or year completed in school, college, or university. This may be any one of the specific grades or years in elementary, high school, post-secondary school, college, and post baccalaureate levels of schooling. It also includes preschool education.


  • a social unit consisting of a person living alone or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have a common arrangement in the preparation and consumption of food.

Household Population

  • the population enumerated in private households during a census.

Labor Force, (Persons in the)

  • the population 15 years old and over whether employed or unemployed who contribute to the production of goods and services in the country.

Labor Force Participation Rate

  • Percentage of the total number of persons in the labor force to the total population 15 years old and over.

Life Expectancy

  • represents the average number of years remaining to a person who survives to the beginning of a given age or interval x.


  • Type of work a person does to earn his living.


  • The following are the major occupation groups: officials of government and special-interest organizations, corporate executives, managers, managing proprietors and supervisors; professionals; technicians and associate professionals; clerks; service workers and shop and market sales workers; farmers, forestry workers and fishermen; trades and related workers; plant and machine operators and assemblers; laborers and unskilled workers; and special occupations. This term is used for disaggregating other labor and employment measures, e.g., total number of employed persons by major occupation groups.

Overseas Filipino Worker (OFW)

  • a Filipino worker who is to be engaged, is engaged, or has been engaged in a remunerated activity in a country of which he/she is not a legal resident.


  • total number of individuals in a territory at a specified time. It covers both nationals and aliens, native- and foreign-born persons, internees, refugees and any other group physically present within the borders of a country at a specified time. In assembling national demographic statistics for publication, the basic aim has been to obtain data for the physically present (or de facto) population rather than for the legally established resident (or de jure) inhabitants

Population Growth Rate

  • indicates how fast a population increases or decreases as a result of the interplay of births, deaths, and migration during a given period of time. Where the population is closed, meaning no migration, the population growth rate is the same as the rate of natural increase, i.e., the difference between the number of births and the number of deaths during a specified period of time. The three methods for computing the rate of growth based on the assumption with respect to the change are: arithmetic change, geometric change and exponential change

Population Projection

  • computation of future changes in population numbers, given certain assumptions about future trends in the rates of fertility, mortality and migration. Demographers often publish high, medium, and low projections of the same population based on different assumptions of how these rates will change in the future

Simple Literacy

  • is the ability of a person to read and write with understanding a simple message in any language or dialect.

Simple Literacy Rate

  • the percentage of population which can read and write a simple message in any language or dialect.


  • The unemployed include all persons who are 15 years old and over as of their last birthday and are reported as:
    • without work, i.e., had no job or business during the basic survey reference period;
    • and currently available for work, i.e., were available and willing to take up work in paid employment or self-employment during the basic survey reference period, and/or would be available and willing to take up work in paid employment or self-employment within two weeks after the interview date;
    • and seeking work, i.e., had taken specific steps to look for a job or establish a business during the basic survey reference period;
    • or not seeking work due to the following reasons:
    • tired/believe no work available, i.e., the discouraged workers who looked for work within the last six months prior to the interview date;
    • awaiting results of previous job application;
    • temporary illness/disability; (d) bad weather; and (e) waiting for rehire/job recall.

Unemployment Rate

  • Percentage of the total number of unemployed persons to the total number of persons in the labor force.


  • Any activity that a person does during the reference period, for pay in cash or in kind, in any establishment, office, farm, private home, or for profit or without pay on a family farm or enterprise. It also includes:
  • what a farm operator or member of the operator's family does on the farm operated by another household on exchange labor arrangement; and any activity that a person does in relation to minor activities in home gardening, raising of crops, fruits, hogs, poultry, etc., fishing for home consumption and manufacturing for own use. However, there must be some harvest in the case of home gardening, raising of crops, fruits and nuts, and gathering of wild fruits and vegetables; animals disposed of (sold, consumed, bartered, or given away), or some catch in fishing in order that these activities will be considered work.


Approved by:


Regional Director