Population and Housing

POPCEN Release

Central Visayas Population grows by 8.8 percent in 2015

Release Date: Friday, December 22, 2017
Reference Number: 2017-SR07-002

Total population of Central Visayas went up by 597 thousand persons

As of August 1, 2015, Central Visayas had a total population of 7,396,898 based on the 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN 2015).

Figure 1. Population of Central Visayas: 2015  

The total population based on the POPCEN 2015 is higher by 596,718 persons or 8.8 percent compared with the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH) count of 6,800,180 persons.  See figure 1.
The increase of the population in the region translated into an average population growth rate (PGR) of 1.7 percent annually during the period 2010 to 2015. This means that about 17 persons were added per year for every 1000 persons in the population.
Cebu Province had the biggest population in 2015
Among the four provinces comprising Central Visayas, Cebu (excluding Cebu City, Lapu-Lapu City, and Mandaue City) had the biggest population in 2015 with 2.94 million, followed by Negros Oriental with 1.35 million and Bohol with 1.31 million. Siquijor had the smallest population with 96 thousand. Refer to table 1.
Among the three highly urbanized cities (HUCs), Cebu City was the most populous with 923 thousand persons, followed by Lapu-Lapu City (408 thousand), and Mandaue City (363 thousand).
Central Visayas average household size in 2015 was 4.3 persons
The household population of Central Visayas in 2015 was 7,359,900 persons, higher by 575,362 persons from the household population of 6,784,538 persons in 2010. The number of households, meanwhile, increased by 61.4 percent from 1,699,148 in 2010 to 1,699,148 in 2015. The average household size in 2015 was 4.3 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.6 persons in 2010. 
Central Visayas Median Age at 24.2 years old
In 2015, the median age of the region’s total population was 24.2 years old which means that half of the population was below 24.2 years old.  Median age was highest in Siquijor at 28.7 years old and lowest in Cebu (excluding HUCs) at 23.8 years.
In Central Visayas children aged 0 to 4 years and 5 to 9 years comprised the largest age groups
The age-sex distribution of the population showed that children aged 0 to 4 years and 5 to 9 years, comprised the largest age groups, with each making up 7.6 percent of the household population, followed by those in the age groups 10 to 14 years (7.2 percent) and 15 to 19 years (6.7 percent). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 54 years.  Females, on the other hand, outnumbered their male counterparts in the older age groups (55 years old and over).
Sixty-one dependents per 100 persons in the working-age group 
In Central Visayas, 62.2 percent belonged to the working-age population (15 to 64 years).  Children below 15 years of age comprised 32.3 percent while older persons (65 years and over) accounted for 5.4 percent. The overall dependency ratio of Central Visayas in 2015 was 61 dependents for every 100 persons in the working age group.
Voting age in Central Visayas was 61.7 percent of the total population
At the regional level, the voting-age population or persons 18 years old and over accounted for 61.7 percent (4,561,076 persons) of the total population in 2015. The size of the voting-age population recorded in 2010 was 55.72 million or 60.3 percent of the total population.
More Males were among the never-married than Females
In Central Visayas, of the total population 10 years old and over, 44.4 percent was never married while 40 percent was married. The rest of the total population was categorized as follows: in common law/live-in marital arrangement (9.9 percent), widowed (4.5 percent), divorced/separated (1.2 percent), and had unknown marital status (less than 0.02 percent). Similarly, among those who were never-married, males (23.9 percent) outnumbered females (20.5 percent).
More Females were baccalaureate degree holders
In Central Visayas, of the total population 5 years old and over, 38.8 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 33.6 percent had reached or finished high school, 9.7 percent were college undergraduates, and 10.6 percent were baccalaureate degree holders. Among those with baccalaureate degrees, there were more females (52.9 percent) than males (47.1 percent).  Similarly, among those with post graduate courses, females (59.3 percent) outnumbered males (40.7 percent).
Central Visayas got a 69.6 percent school attendance rate for 2015
Of the 2,975,099 household population aged 5 to 24 years, 69.6 percent were attending school in School Year (SY) 2015-2016. By sex, the school attendance rate in 2015 was higher among females (70.1 percent) than among males (69.2 percent). The same trend was observed in 2010.
Simple Literacy Rate in Central Visayas was registered at 98.5 percent
Central Visayas posted a literacy rate of 98.5 percent among the 5,741,839 household population aged 10 years and over. This is higher than the 97.1 percent literacy rate that was recorded in 2010.  In the 2010 Census of Population and Housing and POPCEN 2015, a person is considered literate if he/she is able to read and write a simple message in any language or dialect. Literacy rate in 2015 was slightly higher among females (98.6 percent) than among males (98.5 percent). Similarly, literacy rate was slightly higher among females (97.2 percent) than among males (97.0 percent) in 2010.
Ninety percent of the population in Central Visayas were Roman Catholics 
In Central Visayas, 90.3 percent or 6,679,180 persons of the total population in Central Visayas reported Roman Catholic as their religious affiliation in 2015. The next largest Religious Affiliation in the region was United Church of Christ in the Philippines with 1.2 percent of the total population. It was followed by those who were affiliated with the Evangelicals, with 1.1 percent share.
In Central Visayas, 60.1 percent were engaged in a gainful activity 
In 2015, Central Visayas had 4,973,583 household population aged 15 years and over which 60.1 percent were engaged in a gainful activity during the 12 months preceding the census. By major occupation group, workers engaged in elementary occupations comprised the largest group (21.1 percent of all persons with gainful activity). Skilled agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers came in next (18.0 percent), followed by service and sales workers (15.5 percent).
About 2.5 percent of the household population in Region 7 were overseas workers 
In Central Visayas with the household population 15 years old and over, 121,825 persons or 13.2 percent were overseas workers. Overseas workers aged 45 years and over made up the largest age group, comprising 21.6 percent of the total overseas workers in the region, followed by those in the age groups 30 to 34 years (20.4 percent), 35 to 39 years (18.3 percent), and 25 to 29 years (18.2 percent).
Technical Notes:
The 2015 Census of Population and Housing otherwise known as POPCEN 2015 is the 14th census of population in the Philippines since 1903. Prior to this period, in 1570 to 1800s, the population count was determined largely by estimates rather than actual counts. In particular, the population was based on the number of tributes comprising an encomienda in 1591. In the succeeding years, when the people were distributed by parish among religious orders, the population estimates depended on church records (baptism, marriages and burials) and were limited to the Christian population.
The first official census in the Philippines was carried out in 1878 by the Spanish government, followed by the census of 1888 and 1898.
POPCEN 2015 was designed to take an inventory of the total population in the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. The census of population is the source of information on the size and distribution of the population as well as information about the demographic, social, economic and cultural characteristics. These information are vital for making rational plans and programs for national and local development.
General Objectives
The POPCEN 2015 aimed to provide government planners, policy makers and administrators with data on which to base their social and economic development plans and programs.
Specific Objectives
Specifically, the POPCEN 2015 aimed to:
  1. obtain comprehensive data on the size, composition and distribution of the population of the Philippines;
  2. take stock of the housing units existing in the country and to get information about their geographic location, structural characteristics, available facilities, etc.;
  3. gather migration and fertility data;
  4. classify the population according to ethnic origin and religious affiliations and determine their geographic distribution; and
  5. gather data on usual occupation and industry.
The POPCEN 2015 covers all individuals as of 12:01 a.m. as of August 1, 2015.
Regional Director



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